Saturday, November 17, 2007

Systems Analysis & Design - Identifying & Selecting Systems Development Projects

Identifying and Selecting Systems Development Projects

Project Identification & Selection
The process
  • Identifying potential development projects
    • top management, steering committee, user department, development group
  • Classifying and ranking projects
    • value chain analysis, strategic alignment, potential benefits, resource availability, project size, technical difficulty/risks
  • Selecting projects for development
    • decisions factors ->decisions outcomes
  • A schedule of specific IS development projects.
  • An assurance that careful consideration was given to project selection.

  • IS Development Projects

    Corporate Strategic Planning
    an ongoing process that defines the mission, objectives and strategies of an organization.

    Gain an understanding of the current enterprise

    Top management must determine where it wants the enterprise to be in the future

    A strategic plan can be developed to guide this transition.

    IS Planning (ISP)
    an orderly means of assessing the information needs of an organization and defining the systems, databases and technologies that will best satisfy those needs.

    Assess current IS related assets - human resources,data, processes and technology.

    The blueprints of those resources are developed to reach the organization’s objectives.

    A series of scheduled projects is defined.

    Describing the Current Situation
    Top-down planning

  • A generic information systems planning methodology that attempts to gain a broad understanding of the information system needs of the entire organization.
  • Begins by conducting an analysis of the organization’s mission, objectives, strategy and determining the information requirements needed to achieve each objective.
  • Involved top-level management

  • Bottom-up planning
  • A generic information systems planning methodology that identifies and defines IS development projects based on problem solving or taking advantage of some business opportunities.
  • ns by the identification of business problems and opportunities.
  • an be faster and less costly to develop IS project.
  • t often fail to view the informational needs of the entire organization.